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Stem cells are the body’s microscopic building blocks that generate all other cells found in the body. Stem cells are specialized in that they can differentiate into any type of cell, under the right conditions. They either reproduce into more stem cells or differentiate into specialized cells that can become brain cells, nerve cells, blood cells, muscle cells, etc. When a group of structurally similar cells unites and start functioning together they form what is known as tissues. Similar tissues working together form specific organs, which in turn lead to forming different organ systems. The importance of stem cells is huge. They are the only cell type that has the ability to differentiate into new cell types.

R3 stem cell therapy in Phoenix Arizona is currently using two main sources of stem cells: Perinatal and Adult Stem Cells.

  • Perinatal stem cells

These types of stem cells have the ability to differentiate into specialized cells and can be obtained without any negative recourse to a developing fetus. Researchers have found embryonic stem cells sloughed off from the developing fetus, to be present in amniotic fluid that can easily be obtained by amniocentesis. There is no harm to the mother or the supremely young fetus. Perinatal stem cells have also been discovered in the blood from the umbilical cord obtained after birth called cord blood stem cells.

  • Adult stem cells.

Stem Cell therapy in Phoenix Arizona utilizes cells that are found mostly in the bone marrow of long bones and adipose (fat) tissue of patients. However, embryonic stem cells are much more efficient in giving rise to various cell types. It was once thought that adult stem cells could only give rise to like cells, i.e. bone marrow could only give rise to blood cells. However, evidence for this may not be supported. More and more research suggests that adult stem cells have the ability to differentiate into various types of cells which can be used in most regions of the body. This finding may open the door for further uses of stem cells.

stem cell therapy Phoenix, AZ

The importance of stem cell therapy (regenerative medicine) in Phoenix Arizona has gained great attention in the medical industry. Stem cells have the potential to help many sufferers of various diseases, bodily dysfunctions, and injuries. Healthy, undifferentiated cells can be grown and utilized at the R3 Stem Cell clinic stem cell therapy in Phoenix to help speed up the healing process and replace diseased cells.


Stem cell therapy also holds promising abilities to help alleviate the ongoing struggle and demand for compatible organs in organ transplantation. Researches growing specific stem cells in a lab may be able to regenerate entire organs that may otherwise not be available to save someone’s life that may not have been able to receive a needed organ. This however is a procedure of the future as there are much more development and research required for such a procedure.

Doctors are already using stem cell therapy to help those recover from the cellular destruction of chemotherapy and help boost the survival rate of those suffering from leukemia, lymphoma, and other blood-related diseases.  In addition, stem cell therapy is being used in neurology and orthopedics. Stem cells hold great promise to those of spinal injuries and degenerative joint diseases. The injection of stem cells into such regions has shown positive results in regenerating new, needed cells and the later development of tissues to help improve the functionality of the disabled recipient.


Stem cell research has been ongoing for decades and scientists are just seeing a glimpse of stem cell therapy’s potential. Stem Cell Therapy Phoenix AZ can provide patients an alternative solution to more invasive procedures. Additionally, it may be possible with ongoing research and clinical trials that many more diseases like Parkinson’s disease, type-1 diabetes, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and degenerative Macular disease will be amongst those to benefit in the future of stem cell treatments.


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