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Top Causes Of Cartilage Defects

Top Causes Of Cartilage Defects

Cartilage is a firm yet flexible tissue in the body that helps to cushion various joints and is a structural component in various body parts. Cartilage is considered a connective tissue and is at its most abundant during infancy. In addition to appearing at the ends of elbows, knees, and ankles, cartilage is also found between the vertebrae, at the ends of ribs, in the airways, and the ears and nose. Over time, the cartilage wears away, especially cartilage found in joints. This can lead to a significant amount of pain for many people. Fortunately, recent research into stem cell therapy has shown it is an effective way to help people suffering from damaged cartilage. Below are some of the top causes of cartilage defects.


Inherited Genetics

           Genetics can greatly influence cartilage health in people. Conditions such as osteoarthritis may run in families and put someone at a higher likelihood of developing cartilage defects. If you know cartilage conditions run in your family, you must take the necessary preventative steps to ensure your body stays healthy as long as possible. This may include eating a clean diet and taking supplements to help your body maintain its optimal cartilage levels.


           Pregnancy can take a severe toll on a woman’s body. In addition to carrying extra weight which can be harsh on the spine, hormones also cause certain changes to occur. This includes muscle and joint swelling which can lead to cartilage defects.



           Age is one of the top causes of cartilage defects. As people age, their bodies go through normal wear and tear of living. In addition, the water content in our bodies decreases as we age which makes cartilage more brittle. This can lead to defects and damage over time. 



           Obesity is a massive problem in the United States. Carrying extra weight wreaks havoc on your body. This is particularly true of cartilage in your body. Extra strain on bones and joints due to carrying extra weight can cause the cartilage to wear down prematurely. Over time, extra weight can lead to stress fractures and cartilage defects.



           Diet is a big factor in all things health-related. Patients who have poor diets may develop gout in their joints. Over time, the inflammation caused by gout can permanently damage joints and thus, damage to the cartilage. As a result, it is important to maintain a balanced diet in order to keep joints and cartilage in tip-top shape.



           Diabetes can lead to vascular problems throughout the body. This can negatively impact blood flow to various regions in the body. As a result, patients who suffer from diabetes may also suffer from cartilage defects.


Birth Abnormalities

           Some people are unfortunately born with joints that are not normal. This makes their joints more prone to damage. In addition, damaged joints can lead to extreme wear and tear on cartilage which can cause defects.


Rheumatoid Arthritis

           Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition people are born with. Over time, the significant swelling that occurs in the joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis can lead to cartilage defects.


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