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Tag Archive: stem cells for back pain

Stem Cell Therapy is the Future of Orthopedic Medicine

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Regenerative therapies for the musculoskeletal system are the future of orthopedic medicine. Stem cell therapy is an innovative treatment that heals musculoskeletal problems without the need for surgery. In the United States alone, there are more than 500,000 spinal fusions and 400,000 lumbar discectomies performed each year. To avoid surgery, many people are choosing alternate forms of treatment.

 

What are stem cells?

 

Stem cells are undifferentiated cells in the body that can become many specialized types of cells. Adult stem cells are different from embryonic stem cells in that they are derived from adults, usually the patient’s own body. Stem cells used to treat musculoskeletal problems are called mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which turn into cartilage cells and bone cells.

 

How does stem cell therapy work?

 

The stem cells are obtained from the patient by aspirating tissue from fat (adipose) or taking bone marrow solution bone-marrow-aspiration2from the hip bone (iliac crest). The cells are spun in a centrifuge machine to identify and separate the stem cells that help heal tissues. Stem cells are injected into the damaged or injured body structure, such as a tendon, ligament, or spinal disc.

The additional method of obtaining stem cells includes amniotic fluid. This is obtained from consenting mothers of those scheduled for a c-section. The fluid is processed at an FDA regulated lab and prepared for use.

 

 

How are the stem cells obtained?

 

The human body has many stem cell storage sites. The easiest method for obtaining stem cells is to remove them from the hip bone (iliac crest). The procedure is done at the physician’s office, and it begins with the patient lying face down on the exam table. The skin over the bone is cleaned with an antiseptic, then numbed using a lidocaine solution. Under x-ray guidance, a procedure needle is inserted into the bone’s cortex. The liquid marrow is then withdrawn into a syringe. After the needle is removed, a bandage is applied. After the procedure, the stem cells are processed in the laboratory to concentrate them.

 

What conditions are treated with stem cell injections?

 

Stem cell injections are often used for the treatment of:

 

  • Muscular tears
  • Chronic partial rotator cuff tears
  • Osteoarthritis of the shoulder, hip, knee, and ankle joints
  • Discogenic back pain
  • Meniscal and cartilage tears in the knee
  • Spinal facet pain
  • Chronic radiculopathy
  • Sacroiliac joint pain

 

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What risks are associated with stem cell treatments?

 

The risks associated with stem cell injections include infection, nerve damage, and bleeding. However, these incidents rarely occur. There is no risk for allergic reaction since your own stem cells are used during the procedure. We recommend only effective, safe procedures for our patients.

 

When will I notice benefit from the injections?

 

The benefit occurs 2-3 months following the whole therapy protocol. For most patients, 3-4 injections are necessary, and we usually will only perform 3 injections within a 12-month time span.

 

Do stem cell injections work?

 

In a very recent study, researchers followed 18 patients who suffered from osteoarthritis of the knee, ankle, and/or hip. Each of these patients received one stem cell injection and were followed by laboratory and MRI tests for several months. All 18 patients showed therapeutic benefits, such as decreased pain, increased walking distance, and improved function scores. In addition, MRI results improved. In 2011, a study involving 339 patients with knee osteoarthritis found that 60% of patients had pain relief after the stem cell therapy. In addition, only 6% still required a total knee replacement.

 

Resources

Centeno C, Schultz J, Cheever M. Safety and complications reporting on the re-implantation of culture-expanded mesenchymal stem cells using autologous platelet lysate technique. Curr Stem Cell. 2011;5(1):81–93. doi: 10.2174/157488810790442796.

Emadedin M, Ghorbani-Liastani M, Fazeli R, et al. (2015). Long-Term Follow-up of Intra-articular Injection of Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Patients with Knee, Ankle, or Hip Osteoarthritis. Arch Iran Med, 18(6), 336-344.

Pak J. Regeneration of human bones in hip osteonecrosis and human cartilage in knee osteoarthritis with autologous adipose derived stem cells: a case series. J Med Case Rep. 2001;5:296. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-296.

Amniotic Stem Cell Injections for Chronic Back Problems

Amniotic stem cell therapy for chronic back problems is still in the research phase, but it is showing a lot of promise for patients who suffer from arthritis in the back and spinal area. Since the amniotic derived stem cell are not derived from embryonic stem cells or fetal tissue, there are no ethical issues with the treatment.Stem Cells for back pain

The stem cell treatment consists of an injection to the afflicted area. The therapy is designed to actually change the course of the condition and not just mask the pain. This treatment has significant potential for back pain sufferers, and could actually correct structural problems while treating pain and inflammation.

Amniotic stem cells are found in the amniotic fluid of the uterus in pregnant women. These cells are considered pluripotent, because they hold the ability to differentiate into numerous cell lines in various parts of the body. The amniotic fluid is actually inhaled and exhaled by the fetus to properly form the fetal lungs. The cells promote the formation of the body of the fetus and move through the digestive system to form meconium and urine, which ends up expelled in the womb.

The process of acquiring amniotic derived stem cells for treatment is simple. It comes from women who undergo a scheduled c-section, where the amniotic fluid would normally be discarded after the procedure. This fluid can be processed, and the amniotic derived stem cells removed. The material is processed at an FDA regulated laboratory ensuring sterility and regulatory compliance.

Properties of Amniotic Stem Cells

Stem Cells for Disc DegenerationThere is a good reason why amniotic stem cells are used for the treatment of chronic back problems. Amniotic fluid has several properties which enhance the repair and regeneration of tissue. They have anti-inflammatory properties, which aid on pain relief by actually treating the source of the pain instead of treating the symptom like cortisone shots.

These cells contain growth factors which aid in new tissue growth and actually trigger the stem cells to do their proper function. The hyaluronic acid is necessary to lubricate existing cartilage and promote growth of new cartilage. Amniotic fluid has the highest concentration of stem cells in the body, far more than fat or bone marrow. They are also non-allergenic and will not cause any type of rejection reaction to the recipient.

Use of Stem Cell Injections

Amniotic stem cell injections have already been used in several cases such as spinal cord injuries and to promote the formation of an effective scar tissue barrier around spinal injuries. Additionally, they have been used to treat arthritis in the spine, back injuries that previously could only be treated with major surgery, and have the potential to aid in the recovery from paralysis.

The amniotic stem cells are injected into the afflicted area. They are mostly used in growth factor promotion for patients with chronic back problems and to decrease inflammation. It is a less invasive treatment than back surgery, where a needle is used Stem Cell Therapyinstead of a scalpel. The risk of infection is slim to none and the potential benefits are limitless. The use of amniotic stem cells to treat back problems in still in its infancy and will continue to grow as research advances.

R3 works with clinics nationwide that offer regenerative medicine with amniotic derived therapy. The treatments are research based and are industry subsidized, therefore, cost significantly less than at other centers.

Visit the site today to find a treatment center for stem cell injections for back pain, arthritis, ligament or tendon injury today!

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