Bone Marrow Stem Cells and Adipose Tissue Stem Cells: Important Differences

It’s interesting to note that the debate over which, if either, is better, bone marrow stem cells or adipose tissue stem cells, is a hot one. Over the years, doctors have used stem cells increasingly to treat soft tissue, cartilage, and joint injuries, as well as other health problems and challenges. These powerful cells, when isolated and combined with other factors, aid in accelerating the body’s natural healing process. The two primary sources for these cells are bone marrow and adipose (fat) tissue.

Bone Marrow Versus Adipose Tissue Cells

Although the mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow and adipose tissue were both able to differentiate into bone, fat, and cartilage, adipose tissue stem cells multiplied bone marrow aspirationmore quickly than their counterpart, and more could be harvested at once. Plus, they were 10 times larger than those associated with bone marrow. Plus, a problem for some doctors is that when bone marrow stem cells are harvested fairly few are captured when compared to those in fat tissue. That’s because they are less concentrated.

However, a major concern for many is the method of harvesting. Of course, stem cells are taken from the person who will be treated with them. Adipose tissue stem cells are collected through liposuction, while bone marrow stem cells are taken through the process of aspiration. Patients who underwent liposuction in order to donate cells had a complication rate of 8.6%, while those who underwent the process of bone marrow aspiration experienced no complications. There are significantly more stem cells in adipose tissue, though, so it’s not clear which is best. The bone marrow aspiration can be uncomfortable as it entails a larger needle.

The Defining Difference

The primary factor in determining which type of cell is better for treating certain injuries and problem is the structure of the cell itself. What has been found is that it’s best to use stem cells that mimic or can recreate the same structure of those cells being repaired.

bone marrow aspiration2It is unclear which type of cell is better at this recreation. It is known though, that adipose has a higher number of stem cells available, which may make it more preferable.

Preferred Method

If you are seeking help through stem cell therapy, you will want to know which method of harvesting will be used. The choice of method can affect your recovery time and complication rate, the effectiveness of the therapy, and the potency of the stem cell injection.

In terms of which type of stem cell is used, bone marrow stem cells or adipose tissue stem cells, the choice may be yours, or up to the physician’s experience. Listen carefully to your doctor and consider the various factors and benefits involved.

Ultimately what you want is the procedure that will be most effective and that involves the least amount of risk. And remember, to a degree, you will be making your decision based on the opinion of your doctor. Contact an R3 stem cell clinic today!

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